The education reform that the succeeding president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo implemented focuses on 7 different aspects namely:
1.) Easing the Textbook Backlog which is the printing of 10 million copies of textbooks for 19,000 public schools to ensure that every student specifically does in Grade I to Grade IV would have textbooks for the priority subjects.
2.) The constructing of more school buildings with an allotted budget of 40 million pesos
3.) Restoring English as medium of instruction
4.) Implementing the Basic Education Curriculum (BEC). Upgrading the teaching of five learning areas of English, Science, Math, Filipino and Makabayan in basic education and Training teachers as well.
5.) Improving Teacher Welfare by cleaning up its automatic payroll deduction systems (APDS) for teachers with loans and by hiring an additional of 15,000 new teachers.
6.) Mainstreaming Distance Learning: The project, aimed at extending the benefits of education to remote barangays that do not have classrooms and teachers, has made schooling available through television facilities put up in areas where quality of education is very low. In areas where television cannot reach them, the students are taught through “technovans”, which house a television set and instructional materials in reading, writing and arithmetic.
7.) Launching the Internet-based Education Program. In support of the national effort to empower and prepare the youth for the Information Age, the ed. venture program has already built 15 fully equipped, Internet-connected and fully air-conditioned computer laboratories in public schools nationwide.
Proving that the succeeding president had gave her priority to the needs of our country in terms of better education.
Saving the Philippine Education
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo seeks better quality of Philippine education. Her government believes that education is a key venture that “can break the Filipino’s seemingly endless cycle of poverty.” The education sector indubitably plays a very important role in nation building. Based on the human capital theory, the primary function of education is to ignite economic development. This is anchored on the belief that the more and better educated people are, the bigger the chances of economic growth. High literacy rate vs state of the country. However, it would be impossible to attain this objective if the Filipino brand of education has been draining away. One problem is that the education sector is becoming more and more dependent on the national government. This situation is even worsened by the ballooning population growth estimated at 2.3 annually. Population growth is seen to have aggravated the situation. SUCs growing more dependent, during her time the Philippine government is spending over P62,000 per student at UP. Government subsidy is too high compared to the state university’s maximum tuition fee level of only P8,000, considering that a substantial fraction of UP students belong to high income bracket. Quality of education is poor, The Congressional Planning and Budget Department, in an analysis of the 2007 national budget, blamed the poor quality of education on “the inadequate budget for basic education.”
Now we ask, where did most of the budget go?
The article also states that there is Lack of political will. The absence of political will and leadership comes out as one of the contributory factors why the Philippines is now biting dust in the race towards excellence in Southeast Asia. Also considering the big amount of public funds lost from corruption.
In Coma Healthcare under GMA
The Philippines’ health situation suffered a seizure under the Arroyo government. Within almost a decade-long tenure of office, GMA’s healthcare program seemingly went into coma. Measures supposedly addressing healthcare barely made a dent on the problems of accessibility, affordability and quality of services, and at times even exacerbated the dismal health situation.
Statistics from the National Statistical Coordination Board (NCSB) reveal the probabilities of achieving the said goals. Goal No. 4 which aims to reduce child mortality through the decrease in under-five mortality rate and infant mortality gained a high level of probability in being attained. Latest data from the National Statistics Office (NSO) show that infant mortality rate went down, from 28.7% in 2003 to 24.9% in 2008. Under-five mortality similarly decreased from 39.9 % in 2003 to 33.5% in 2008. Improving maternal health as stipulated in Goal No. 5 has a lower chance of being achieved.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has pegged the ideal percentage of public health spending of developing countries at 5%. Health expenditure in 2005 increased by 9.4 percent, which amounts to P180.8 billion compared to the previous year’s budget of P165.3 billion. However the share of health expenditure to GDP was reduced. In 2005, it only reached 3.3 percent, compared to 3.4 percent in 2004. This figure is still far from the 5% WHO standard for public health spending. Apart from the low health spending, budget appropriations are often subject to misuse and questionable utilization.
Indeed, the Arroyo administration is insensitive to the health needs of its constituents. While the passage of laws such as the Cheaper Medicines Law gained the applause of the public, its slow and anemic enforcement is increasing the ire of those in dire need of affordable medicines.
Presyong Tama, Gamot Pampamilya
“Ang kalusugan ay karapatan ng bawat Pilipino”, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo has directed the immediate implementation of a program that will improve public access to quality healthcare. The Presyong Tama, Gamot Pampamilya program is government’s concrete response to this need. Through her active support, President Arroyo is the program’s staunchest advocate.
The program’s objective is to ensure consumers get value for money by providing them better access to branded medicines of high quality at considerably lower prices. The parallel drug importation program is among the various tools identified by the government to push high medicine prices in the local market down to more reasonable and affordable levels. Medicines sold through the program are from 23% to 84% cheaper compared to those sold in local drug stores, yet those are not subsidized prices.
Inadequate Budget Starving the Country’s Health System
Health organizations such as the Health Alliance for Democracy (HEAD) joined other labor groups in the Labor Day rally on May 1, slamming the failure of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s administration to address the “woes of the health sector.” Worse, under Arroyo’s term, the military has illegally arrested and detained 43 community health workers, dubbed the “Morong 43,” when these practitioners serve the people who do not have access to healthcare, HEAD said in a statement.
“The grossly inadequate budget allotted for health services has forced many health professionals to work abroad, while those who opted to stay are stuck in unfair labor practices and low wages,” said Sean Velchez, HEAD national staff.
Mostrales said the Arroyo administration depends on the exodus of health practitioners, along with other overseas Filipino workers (OFWs), to keep the economy afloat. Overseas Filipino workers, around 7 percent of whom are doctors and nurses, have sent back US$17.9 billion worth of remittances in 2009, constituting 10.8 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), according to a report from The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas.
China vs Philippines
Being more considerably receptive to Beijing’s commercial incentive and compromising Philippines claims may have please China but not the Filipino people. Our security is at risk if this issue is pushed through. Having too many bilateral agreements with other countries also sound like letting them reign over Philippines with their products. It is like we are selling Philippines to China. Filipinos should be the boss of this country, not them foreigners. “Speaking of security, does enhanced security not also enhance our national pride? There was a time when we couldn’t appropriately respond to threats in our own backyard. Now, our message to the world is clear: What is ours is ours; setting foot on Recto Bank is no different from setting foot on Recto Avenue.” The President Aquino said. We should not let go pf what is rightfully ours or settle with what will be left. Because if we do, it would be like agreeing to other people who would enter our own yard to own it. Instead of fighting over a piece of land though, why not widen our thinking and look for a solution that will benefit both countries and keeping its people safe, without compromising even the natural resources?
Environmentalists joint anti-GMA SONA
Environmentalists are going to present their own agenda to rehabilitate the environment in the coming State of the Nation Address (SONA). But they are not going to present it to Gloria Macapagal Arroyo who they also want out of Malacanang for deliberately ignoring and fouling up the environment.
Instead, environmentalists who belong to the recently formed Environment and Natural Resources Advocates for GMA’s Expulsion (Enrage) will join the so-called parliament of the streets that will assemble and march along Commonwealth avenue and call for the ouster of President Arroyo either through resignation, impeachment or people power.
“Not once in the four SONAs of GMA did she ever mention the environment. While it exemplifies the lack of regard for the environment of a sitting, albeit bogus, head of state, it also only proves her lack of interest for concerns other than herself. GMA cannot be expected to serve the country and our people since her selfishness subsumes all other interests, including the environment’s, under the expediency of her ambition,” said actor-environmental advocates Roy Alvarez, a member of Enrage.
Alvarez said members of Enrage are “raging” over the worse state of the environment which he said is the result of GMA’s “misgovernance, especially of the environment.”
To address the misgovernance of the environment, Alvarez said members of Enrage came up with a list of immediate environmental demands as part of an agenda of governance they plan to present to an alternative transitory council to replace the Arroyo government. It is important for these demands to be immediately addressed, Alvarez said as it “will start a process of environmental rehabilitation.”
The following are among Enrage demands: scrapping of the 1995 Mining Act; cancellation of all forest agreements and review of the forestry code; cleanup and rehabilitation of former US military base areas; justice and compensation to victims of environmental disasters; scrapping of the 1992 Plant Variety Protection Act; a stop to the commercialization of genetically-engineered crops; banning of the conversion of agricultural lands and mangroves, lakes and forests; junking of the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) and Mutual Logistics Support Agreement (MLSA); rehabilitation of critical watershed areas and dead rivers; promotion of biodiversity preservation programs and development of appropriate technologies; closure of all dumpsites and rehabilitation of these areas; enforce ban on incinerator plants, serious implementation of the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act; moratorium on construction of coal-fired power plants and large dams; uphold the rights for self-determination and the ancestral lands and resources of indigenous peoples; harnessing and development of renewable energy sources; and the reorientation of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources towards genuinely protecting and wisely managing the environment.
Among the convening members of Enrage are: Mother Earth Foundation, Earth Island Institute, Concerned Citizens Against Pollution, Kalikasan People’s Network for the Environment, Saniblakas, Tanggol Kalikasan Movement, Dr. Helen Mendoza, Brigadang Berde, Pambansang Lakas ng Kilusang Mamamalakaya ng Pilipinas (Pamalakaya), and the Center for Environmental Concerns.
Dark Legacies: The Philippine Economy under Arroyo by Carlos H. Conde
This disturbing divergence between the fortunes of a few and the welfare of the many is the most troubling legacy that the Arroyo presidency leaves behind, and among the greatest challenges that the incoming Aquino administration has to confront to deliver any real change.
The Arroyo administration plays up the economic growth over its term- touted as the best in over 30 years- as the gold standard of its performance.
Official reported growth in gross domestic product during the Arroyo administration averaged 4.5% annually compared to 3.9% under Aquino, 3.8% under Ramos and 2.4% under Estrada.
The period 2001-2009 is the longest period of high unemployment in the country’s history with the true unemployment rate averaging some 11.2%. The number of jobless and underemployed Filipinos grew to 11.4 million in January 2010 which is 3.1 million more than in January 2001, when Pres.
In 2006, the net worth of just the 20 richest Filipinos- including close Arroyo allies Lucio Tan, Enrique Razon, Jr., Eduardo Cojuangco, Enrique Aboitiz and others- was P801 billion which was equivalent to the combined income for that year of the poorest 10.4 million Filipino families.
The Arroyo administration is exiting upon the steepest increase in the national government deficit in the country’s history- a P286 billion or 2,300% increase over just two years from P12.4 billion in 2007 to P298.5 billion in 2009.
The economic legacy of the Arroyo administration will be the biggest obstacle on any effort to improve the welfare of the people.
Faster Growth under Arroyo: Reality or Statistical Illusion by Roel Landingin
As indicated by the ad, financial development under Arroyo, “The charming market analyst,” arrived at the midpoint of 5.6 percent so far contrasted with 4.1 percent under “The on-screen character” Joseph Estrada, 3.9 percent under “The general” Fidel Ramos, 4.1 percent under the “Housewife” Corazon Aquino and 3.2 percent under the late “Legal advisor” Ferdinand Marcos.
Late development could be “Exaggerated,” by at the University of the Philippines School of Economics, where Arroyo concentrated on for her PhD. In the June 2009 issue of the Philippine Review of Economics, a companion surveyed diary distributed by the Philippine Economic Society and the UP School of Economics, Felipe Medalla, educator at the School of Economics, and Karl Robert Jandoc, a PhD hopeful, subject the nation’s late financial executiono dependable retail deals discharges or different pointers of shopper burning through, one needs to depend exclusively on GDP figures for gaging family unit utilization, which makes up more than 75% of aggregate GDP. Preceding today, information demonstrated flexible family spending had prompted the Philippine economy to extend 1% quarter-on-quarter in the final quarter, presumably outpacing development in China, India and Indonesia. Clearly, it turns out the Philippine information (were) off track the imprint.” to all the more demanding examination.
“We inquire as to why is it that if monetary development is by and large accurately measured, numerous markers and information sets are inconsistent with the as far as anyone knows high financial development. Also, we find that Philippine development designs – contracting development of household retention, fares and imports going with rising yield development – don’t fit the example in other Asian nations.”
Medalla and Jandoc note that the Philippine development example is not at all like other Asian nations where development rates of family unit utilization, government spending, capital arrangement, fare, and imports rose or fell in pair with GDP development. For our situation, lower imports development for the most part represented speedier GDP development in the Philippines.
No Lost Decade under GMA by Paolo Romero
Former finance secretary Margarito Teves was remarking on President Aquino’s rehashed attestations that Arroyo’s expression from 2001 to 2010 was “a lost decade” for the nation’s economy.
Teves, who has been refered to as “Asia’s Best Finance Minister” amid his stretch in government, said the Arroyo organization had established the framework which brought about the Philippines’ FICO assessment redesigns which began amid her term and not long after she ventured down from office.
At the point when requested that survey the Aquino organization, Teves said he is complimenting the organization for supporting the financial development that was started amid Arroyo’s term.
“The economy needs to develop more keeping in mind the end goal to grow the monetary pie and guarantee that 100 million Filipinos share of it. Our economy needs to grow eight percent reliably more than two decades to accomplish an expansion in per capita wage that will convey us nearer to Thailand and Malaysia,” he said.
Prior, administrators from the business procedure outsourcing industry in the nation credited Arroyo for being in charge of the enormous development of the area that has utilized countless specialists.
Economics during GMA’s Administration by Javar C. and Castillo A.
The full name of GMA is Maria Gloria Macareng Macapagal-Arroyo. She was born on April 5, 1947 whose parents is Diosdado Macapagal and Evangelina Macareng-Macapagal. Her siblings are Dr. Diosdady “Boboy” Macapagal Jr. and Cielo Macapagal-Salgado. Her husband is Jose Miguel Arroyo. Their children are Juan Miguel Arroyo, Evangelina Lourdes Arroyo and Diosdado Ignacio Jose Maria Arroyo.
For her higher education, she spent 2 years at Georgetown University’s Walsh School of Foreign Service in Washington, D.C., consistent Dean’s List Status-Assumption college, Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics, graduating magna cum laude in 1968. She finished her Master’s degree in Economics at Ateneo de Manila University at 1978 and Doctorate Degree in Economics at University of the Philippines Diliman at 1985.
She considered a run for the presidency in 1998 but was persuaded to seek the vice-presidency instead. She is 1st duly elected female Vice President of the Philippines and 2nd female president.
With regards to ASEAN Summit, Arroyo’s foreign policy is anchored on building strong ties with the United States, East Asian and Southeast Asian nations, and countries where overseas Filipino workers work and live.
Holiday Economics is about Arroyo’s implementation of a controversial policy of holiday economics, adjusting holidays to form longer weekends with the purpose of boosting domestic tourism and allowing Filipinos more time with their families.
Japan-Philippine Economic Partnership Agreement and World Trade Organization are trade deals to hamper meaningful progress by preventing nationalist economic policy-making.
WHAT WENT BEFORE: ‘Hello Garci’ Scandal Investigation
During every election period, politicians always find their ways in winning Filipino voters’ hearts. Campaigning in every part of the country just to make sure they will be known in that region. BUT also in election period are we most deceived by the politicians.
Hello Garci Scandal is one of the many issues this country has faced under the reign of former President Arroyo. Although I was not yet a voter during that year, it bothers me how a fine lady who I thought wished to serve this country, could do such thing and trick the Filipino people? People’s human right was violated and all the former president could say is that she is sorry. What will Philippines become with this kind of leaders? This country will not attain what the great men had hoped for with this kind of acts from our leaders. In my defense, although I was not yet a voter then, I hold a right on my opinion and I think that Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo couldn’t have done it without the help of the said man she was talking to who was later identified as Election Comissioner Virgilio Gracilliano. What happened to this investigation by the way? From what I have read from this article, the case was dismissed because aside from Arroyo who admitted that it was her in the recording, nobody else’s agreed to authenticate the tape. Such a shame.
If Maguindanao had a bloody election, does that mean that the president should be accountable of negligence? Were there AFP during the massacre? Were there any people under the Aquino administration during and/or after the massacre? Honestly though, I wish I could react properly in this issue. It is as if the whole Philippines was attacked by terrorist, but the worst part is, the terrorism was made not by foreigners but of “kababayan” or “kapwa Pinoy”. What more could give you chills during the day of the massacre aside from the number of people killed? I don’t know, I’m dumbfounded by this issue because years after? Even when we changed from Arroyo to Aquino administration, these 58 people still didn’t received the justice that they deserve. Well if dying of Ampatuan Senior is not counted as justice, then all I could say is; Justice delayed is Justice denied. That is how justice in the Philippines work…most of the time.